1. AI – predict, detect, cure malware, ransomware etc. future scope involves the use of sentient AI to ease this. 2. ML – faster threat identification, draw statistical insights thereby pushing it to secure endpoints. Together with AI, it can detect system anomalies, vulnerabilities. 3. Automation – network monitoring, real-time anomaly detection, defence framework auto-updation, RPA, SOAR. 4. Supercomputers – detect, repair bugs without humans at a faster pace.